Psychology

Can Mindfulness Evolve From Wellness Pursuit to Medical Treatment? By Kim Tingley. Jan 20, 2020. The New York Times Magazine Roughly a third of all adults in the United States have high blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. It’s a condition that can be largely controlled with diet, exercise and medication, yet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that only about half of the 75 million people who

Positive psychological aspects of well-being—including positive emotions, optimism, and life satisfaction—are increasingly considered to have protective roles for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and longevity. A rapidly-growing body of literature has linked positive well-being with better cardiovascular health, lower incidence of CVD in healthy populations, and reduced risk of adverse outcomes in patients with existing CVD. This review first examines evidence on the associations of positive well-being with CVD and mortality, focusing

Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and symptoms overlap with physiological sensations of anxiety. Patients with atrial fibrillation can demonstrate anxiety sensitivity even in the absence of actual atrial fibrillation symptoms. Interoceptive exposure is effective in treating anxiety sensitivity, and recently, mindfulness has been proposed as an enhancement strategy to facilitating inhibitory learning in exposure therapy. This pragmatic study piloted a brief mindfulness and interoceptive exposure treatment for

Clear and convincing clinical evidence has established that living with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) saves patients’ lives. In a 1999 landmark trial comparing the ICD to anti-arrhythmic drugs, the “ICD remains superior in prolonging survival after life-threatening arrhythmia.” Concomitantly, psychosocial research on the ICD has shown that living with the device as a treatment for life-threatening arrhythmias can lead to further/increased anxiety, isolation, hostility, and depression. The typical ICD recipient